ALGAZI, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON


ALGAZI, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON
ALGAZI, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON (1882–1964), Turkish Sephardi ḥazzan and composer. Algazi, who was born in Izmir, at an early age joined the "Maftirim Choir" led by his father, himself a noted ḥazzan and author of religious poetry. He served as a teacher at the talmud torah and later as ḥazzan in his native town. He also became proficient in Turkish art music and for many years arranged special courses for the members of his community; A. Hemsi and other musicians were among his pupils. Algazi was a noted performer of classical Turkish music and adapted some to Hebrew texts which he himself translated. In 1923 he was appointed ḥazzan and music instructor at the "Italian" synagogue at Galata (Istanbul), which had a long tradition of musical activity. In 1930 Algazi became associated with the Jewish newspaper La voz de Oriente. In 1933 he went to Paris, but settled finally in Montevideo (Uruguay) where he was prominent in Sephardi congregation activities. Algazi's abilities as a composer and adapter were combined with a pleasant, flexible voice and a highly distinguished performing style. He imparted a Turkish influence to Eastern synagogue song. The sole printed work ("adaptation") of Algazi connects five piyyutim to form a Turkish "Fassil" (Suite), with each piece following a different rhythmical pattern ("uzul"). This work was published as Extrait du Fassil Husseini des chants juifs orientaux… adapté sous le contrôle de M. Isaac Algazi (1924–25). As is usual with Eastern music, most of Algazi's compositions and arrangements were transmitted orally, but several have been recorded (collection of Israel Broadcasting Authority, Jerusalem). Some of his outstanding works which survive in oral tradition are: The Song of Deborah; Ha-Ben Yakkir Li Efrayim; Kiddush; Seliḥot; two "Peshrev" for choir, to Hebrew texts; songs of the Ladino Folklore. A selection of Isaac Algazi's poetry has been published in: Shirei Yisrael be-Ereẓ ha-Kedem (1921). In addition to his main interest in Sephardi music, Algazi also devoted himself to the dissemination of Judaism and wrote two works in Spanish, El judaismo, religion de amor (Buenos Aires, 1945) and La Sabiduría Hebrea (Montevideo, 1949). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1938), 43; Morguez-Algranti, in: El Tiempo (Tel Aviv, Oct. 20, 1964), 3–4. (Hanoch Avenary)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALGAZI — ALGAZI, family which flourished between the 16th and 19th centuries in Turkey, Crete, Ereẓ Israel, and Egypt, and produced a large number of rabbis, kabbalists, and authors. Its members include (1) ABRAHAM BEN MOSES (1560?–before 1640), born in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALGAZI, (Nissim) SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM — (1610?– c. 1683), rabbi. Algazi, the grandson of joseph de segovia benveniste , was born in Borsa. He studied under his father and the poet Joseph Ganso, as well as Joseph Sasson and meir de boton at their yeshivah in Gallipoli. Algazi settled in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALGAZI, ISRAEL JACOB BEN YOM TOV — (1680–1756), halakhic scholar and kabbalist, grandson of both (Nissim) solomon algazi and Joseph Ḥazzan . Probably born in Smyrna, Algazi lived in Safed, and for a few years, prior to 1730, in Smyrna. He was a member of a closed circle of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BENVENISTE (or Benvenist), ḤAYYIM BEN ISRAEL — (1603–1673), Sephardi rabbinic scholar and codifier. Benveniste studied in his native Constantinople mainly under Joseph b. Moses of Trani, and also under joseph samegah . In 1624, when he was only 21, he began to write his detailed commentary on …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEZEKIAH BEN DAVID — (d. c. 1058), exilarch and gaon. His grandfather Hezekiah b. Judah, a grandson of david b. zakkai , is also referred to as exilarch, although there is some doubt whether he actually held the position. Hezekiah b. David became exilarch after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BENVENISTE, JOSEPH BEN MOSES DE SEGOVIA — (second half of the 16th century), rabbi and author. Benveniste spent most of his life in Safed but died in Brusa, Turkey. His principal teacher was elisha gallico , but he also studied under isaac luria and samuel b. isaac de uceda . joseph… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LAPAPA, AARON BEN ISAAC — (1604?–1667), Sephardi rabbi of turkey . Born in Magnesia, he was son in law of {{(Nissim) Solomon Algazi>> (the First). In his youth Aaron studied under Isaac Afomado, and later under abraham motal in salonika and joseph di trani in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROSANES, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL — (1657–1727), Turkish rabbi, posek and preacher. Rosanes was born in Constantinople. He studied under R. Solomon ha Levi the Elder and R. Joseph b. Isaiah Trani (grandson of joseph b. moses trani ). In his youth, he worked in the business of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JESHUA BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (15th century), talmudist. Following the persecutions of Jews in algiers in 1467, he fled from his native town Tlemcen and went to Castile, settling in Toledo, where he was supported by Don Vidal b. Lavi. At the latter s insistent request he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Talmud — Rabbinic Literature Talmudic literature Mishnah • Tosefta Jerusalem Talmud • Babylonian Talmud Minor tractates Halakhic Midrash Mekhilta de Rabbi Yishmael (Exodus) Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon (Exodus) Sifra (Leviticus) Sifre (Numbers Deuteronomy) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.